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Audio compressors and best plugins

Audio compressors, vst plugins and designs - what is best and for what
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| @ 16 Sounds music production blog 16sounds.com

Compressor types, designs, and styles

Today the plugin marked is flooded with countless plugins for music compression. The quality of the new ones is usually higher due to competition and modern DAW hardware but some old classics are still good and CPU efficient.

For this article, we have chosen some example plugins from every overall compressor type and design category. A mix of old and new.

What is music compression

Music compression is a technique for controlling dynamic range in music material. Like equalizer, It is used a lot in music recording and mixing. Compression in sound means reducing the dynamic range for more level control.
Often used to give an impression of loudness and impact or just to get too soft parts up without moving the fader.

compressor types

  • 1176 FET
    • A classic solid-state FET from 1968 originally designed by Bill Putnam. A design with character.
    • Known for its fast attack and fast release. 
  • Opto
    • The LA2A is a famous opto(light sensor) ideal for vocal compression where speed is not a factor. Tube-Tech CL1B is a more versatile opto-design with more controls.
  • Other vintage hardware emulations
    • Besides the FETtypes Vintage 2254, Variable Mu and LA3A are other famous designs.
    • Are other musical vintage hardware designs emulations
  • Modern hybrid or new, not emulation specific designs
    • This category has lots of great creative tools that just do the job
  • Bus compressor
    • Bus compression types are designed for mix bus or master bus compression

1176 Compressors

1176 style compressors for character on vocals, bass and drums
Waves CLA-76

FET transistor-based solid-state comp type with a lot of character. Great for vocals and bass.

  • Waves CLA-76
  • IK Multimedia Black 76
  • Pulsar Smasher
  • Stillwell Audio The Rocket

Other hardware modeled types

Klanghelm MJUC - one of the best variable-mu emulation plugins
Klanghelm MJUC variable mu

  • Klanghelm MJUC Variable Mu
  • T-Racks VC 670 Variable Mu
  • Waves V-Comp 2254 emulation
  • Waves CLA3A

Opto Compressors

LA2A opto design with an appealing character for vocal compression
Waves LA2A vocal plugin

The optical comps are based on light and has the slowest attack and release times but the appealing sound makes them good for vocals. The LA2A is "The" vocal compressor.

  • Softube Tube-Tech CL1B
  • IK T-Racks Opto-Compressor
  • Waves CLA-2A
  • Cakewalk CA-2A
  • IK T-Racks White 2A

Moderne Hybrid

Fabfilter Pro C is one of the best compressor plugins
Fabflter Pro C2

Modern Hybrid or clean digital compressors are designs that do not emulate any hardware units. In this design category, you find the most versatile.

Some plugins are:

  • Fabfilter Pro C2
  • Izotope Neutron 2 and 3
  • Waves H-Comp
  • Waves R-Comp

Bus compressors

SSL Bus Compressor is a classic bus compSSL Native bus Comp.

The 2 most famous bus compression solutions are probably the SSL Bus Comp and API 2500 stereo.

  • SSL Native Bus Compressor
  • Waves API 2500

 

The Plugins

Here are short highlights of some of the plugins.

 

Waves CLA-76

Waves CLA76 for vocals and bass
Waves CLA-76 with the longest attack and shortest release for percussive material

The 1176 compressor is probably one of the most emulated compression types for its character and recognizable sounds. A fast attack/release time FET design and the Waves plugin is just one of many.
Used a lot for rock vocals, bass, and drum bus with all buttons in for smashing room mics or bus.

 

Pulsar Smasher

Pulsar Smasher compressor was free for a while
Pulsar Smasher 1176 compressor type plugin with modifications

Pulsar Smasher is a new 1176 with only 2 essential knobs. This plugin was free when it was released. A different 1176 with a lot of automatic control behind the knobs. The original had a confusing time knobs with 1 for the highest and 7 for the lowest times. 
Width fewer knobs to worry about it might be recommended for beginners. 

Other emulations

  • Universal Audio UAD 1176
  • IK T-Racks Black 76

Opto-designs

Originally designed for vocals opto-compression has a clean distortion-free gain reduction.

 

Waves CLA-2A

Waves plugins - CLA2A from the CLA bundle
CLA-2A from the Waves CLA bundle 

A classic opto design and famous for its vocal performance. Very simple controls and automatic times.

 

Softtube Tube-Tech CL1B

softtube Tube-Tech CL1B - a famous opto compressor
Softtube Tube-Tech CL1B - a famous opto-comp.

A great plugin emulation of one of the best opto-designs. A versatile plugin with more time control.

  • Clean compression
  • Sounds not far from the hardware version

 

T-Racks Opto-Compressor

T-Racks opto compressor
T-Racks Opto-Compressor

  • Clean compression
  • Stereo metering

New digital designs

This is potentially the best category for high-quality compression tools, creativity and new features.

Fabfilter Pro C2

Fabfilter Pro C2 - one of the best compressor plugins
Fabflter Pro C2 - one of the most versatile dynamic tools you get 

This is a versatile and clever plugin. A swiss knife plugin that can handle any audio material from vocals to the full mix.
CPU usage can be a bit high.

Neutron 2 and 3

Neutron 2 compressor

Izotope Neutron is another swizz knife channel strip. It ha 2 serial single- or multi-band options with side-chain. One of the most versatile plugins but do not expect character but clean compression.
It might have too much CPU overhead for just using it as a simple compression of an instrument.

Waves VComp

Waves Hybrid Comp is a mix between a modern and vintage compressor
Waves HComp

Waves Hybrid Comp is a mix between a modern and vintage compressor.

The PUNCH knob is unique and gives the material more initial attack and can be used for low attack compression to get some lost punch back.

 

Klanghelm MJUC

Klanghelm MJUC - a great compressor
Klanghelm MJUC Compressor with 3 models

MJUC is a great compressor probably in the top 5 of all!
It might no be the CPU lightest plugin but it has great features and sound good:

  • Build on a new Klanghelm framework
  • 3 models
    • Variable-mu
    • 1176
    • British G type bus comp or fairchildish
  • Timbre and Drive controls for tone and overdrive/saturation
  • Reasonably low priced like other small company tools like Valhalla DSP

 

Stereo bus plugins

The stereo bus compressors are ruled by a few classic highlights but most of the new digital designs with no hardware emulation can handle bus compression too. Fabfilter Pro C2 and Neutron 2/3 are also designed for bus compression.

API 2500

API 2500 - The famous bus compresor
API 2500 stereo bus compressor

API Audio 2500 is one of the best know stereo compression tools and has several software emulations build on it. Waves API 2500 is one of them but UAD also has one for their UAD card platform. It is a characterful compressor.

Good for drums and bus compression.

 

SSL G-Series bus comp

SSL g-series stereo bus comp for dums and mix bus
SSL Native G-series console stereo bus compressor. A high-end unit

This is a plugin released by Solid State Logic themselves. In theory it should probably the best and most original and it does indeed sound fine.

The max attack and min release is a classic for drum-bus but it also works on other busses in parallel or for kissing the needle on the master bus.

Other plugin emulations of the G-series compressor are the UAD, Brainworx BX Console, and Cytomic The Glue. 


The Glue high lights
  • A sidechain high pass filter for filtering the low end out of the listener circuit before compression circuit
  • Oversampling options.

What compression types are good for what

Vocal plugin

For vocals the slow attack plugins with opto or character are good.

Vocal plugins often have character or color

  • LA2A
    • Waves CLA-2A
    • T-Tacks White 2A
    • Cakewalk CA-2A
  • 1176
    • Waves CLA-76
      • Hs the black and blue edition of the original hardware
    • T-Racks Black 76
    • UAD 1176

Bass compression

Bass plugins are:

  • Tube-Tech CL1B
  • 1176

An alternative or addition to compression on bass is Waves Bass Rider. It fader rides automatically to a preset level you set and can be used in combination with compression for a very smooth bass track.

Plugins for guitars and other instruments

  • Waves CLA-3A
    • A plugin used a lot on guitars and keyboards/synths 

Drums

Drum compression is often about attack smack, gluing together, or power impact. SSL have been known for their attack and smack on snare drums. The SSL G bus-comp and API 2500 is also a good bus compressor.

Good compression gives percussive material a snap and more power

  • SSL 4000 Channel E and G
    • This has a good attack for snare and kick and gives a snap
  • SSL Native Bus
    • Good for gluing the mix bus together
  • Waves API 2500
    • Good for gluing the mix bus together with a different character compared to the SSL bus comp
  • A good FET model
    • Max attack and high compression ratio like all buttons in for power 

A plugin like Izotope Neutron 2 or 3 with 3 compressor stages is versatile enough to adjust to any kind of material and if it wasn't for the CPU load you could use it on 64 channels. It does not quite have the character of some of the analog models, which is why a mix of plugins is probably the best.
With DAW track-freeze and render-in-place, there is no limit to how many instances you can use though but you get the best workflow without freezing.

Should you buy them all

Having a toolbox with different audio compressors makes studio work and mixing easier. You could just use what is in your DAW but a few more are often preferable.

One modern tool like the Fabfilter Pro C2 or Neutron 2/3 is actually enough but it is nice to have some others like a FET and an LA2A type with a color and a sound.